Cardiology

Cardiology is the branch of internal medicine that involves the study, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system. Certified cardiologists treat heart disease, atherosclerosis, and atrial fibrillation, among other conditions.

According to the CDC, heart disease is the leading cause of death for men and women in the United States. Nearly 700,000 people die from this disease every year. Trained cardiologists are essential to promoting heart health and saving lives.

Cardiologists undergo ten or more years of education and training to become licensed and certified. This process includes four years of medical school, three years of internal medicine training, and three years of cardiology training. Physicians are then required to pass a cardiovascular disease exam administered by the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM).

Patients are often referred to cardiologists if they experience high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, chest pains, or shortness of breath. The physician will perform physical exams and tests to make a diagnosis.

Tests include:

  • Blood tests
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Exercise stress tests

Treatment options include medication, recommended lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet plans, and procedures such as cardiac catheter insertion.  Please visit one of our cardiologists for advice about heart disease prevention, treatment options, and other conditions affecting the circulatory system.

Sources:

WebMD  and CDC.gov

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