Urology is a field of medicine that focuses on treatment of disorders of the male and female genitourinary (urinary) tracts and the male reproductive organs.
Urologists are skilled in the treatment process for various medical conditions that affect the male and female urinary tracts and male reproductive organs. They routinely provide surgical and non-surgical treatment in-office for conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also known as enlarged prostate, urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction, overactive bladder, kidney stones, and urinary tract infections (UTIs), as well as prostate and bladder cancer. In-office procedures include cystoscopies, vasectomies, and prostate biopsies. Urologists also receive extensive surgical training and often utilize minimally invasive surgical techniques to include robot-assisted and laparoscopic approaches to speed a patient’s recovery and allow them to return to the activities they enjoy as quickly as possible.
Extensive education and training are required to become a qualified Urologist. Following undergraduate education and the completion of medical school, prospective Urologists complete an internship in Surgery and a minimum of four years of residency in Urology. Then, to become board certified, a Urologist must be licensed, practice for 16 months in a single community, submit practice logs for peer review, and pass separate Qualifying and Certifying Examinations administered by American Board of Urology.