Patients can be assured that a board-certified neurologist or child neurologist has specialized skills and knowledge to diagnose and treat specific problems and to provide medical management for a range of problems, including emergencies and long-term care of chronic neurological disorders. Neurologists diagnose and treat disorders of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, and nerves) and muscles including: Stroke Brain and spinal cord tumors Muscular dystrophy Headache and other pain Meningitis Encephalitis Epilepsy (seizures) Parkinson disease Alzheimer disease and other memory disorders Multiple sclerosis Effects of systemic diseases, like high blood pressure and diabetes, on the nervous system Child neurologists diagnose and treat similar disorders in infants, children, and adolescents. They also have special competence in genetic and metabolic problems, malformation, retardation and other neurodevelopmental problems of childhood. Neurologists and Child Neurologists may also act as consultants to primary care physicians or may give continuing care for primary or secondary neurological problems. Source: American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology