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What you need to know about hypertension

What You Need to Know About Hypertension

By: Meg Irish

According to the American Heart Association, more than 100 million Americans have hypertension, also known as high blood pressure. Hypertension puts you at greater risk for various cardiovascular diseases including heart disease, stroke, and sometimes death. High blood pressure occurs when the force of blood flowing through your blood vessels is consistently high. This contributes to hardening of the arteries because the heart is continuously working harder to pump blood around the body. What you need to know about hypertension

According to TPMG Osteopathic Family Medicine Physician, Matthew D. Fenlason, DO, “Hypertension is the most common condition treated by primary care physicians and is responsible for the greatest number of chronic prescriptions.”

Blood Pressure Guidelines (American Heart Association)

  • Normal Blood Pressure: under 120/<80 mm Hg (millimeters of mercury)
  • Elevated Blood Pressure: 120-129/<80 mm Hg
  • Stage 1 Hypertension: 130-139/80-89
  • Stage 2 Hypertension: <140/90
  • Hypertensive Urgency: >180/>120
  • Hypertensive Emergency: >180/>120 with organ failure (kidney, heart, etc.)

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